Lennart Aspegren från Sverige och Mary McGowan Davis från USA har på FNs uppdrag följt upp Goldstonerapporten om Gazakonflikten 2008-09. Nu har jag hittat Aspegren och Davis rapport, här finner du den version som FNs MR-råd tagit ställning till. Det kommer en språkligt mer bearbetad version längre fram. De har granskat i vilken utsträckning som parterna följt Goldstonerapportens rekommendationer att utreda påstådda brott. Goldstone inleder sin artikel i Washington Post där han omvärderar sina tidigare slutsatser med att hänvisa till Aspegrens och Davis rapport. Här är några av de mer intressanta slutsatserna.
B. IsraelFör att sammanfatta: Israeliska myndigheter och de palestinska myndigheterna (Fatah) har utfört utredningar beträffande påstådda brott medan Hamas inte gjort detsamma. Jag var i kontakt med Lennart Aspegren idag och han kommer den 15 april att hålla en föreläsning på temat inför våra studenter som går specialkursen "International Criminal Law" på stockholms Universitet.
77. ... The Israeli authorities’ refusal to allow the Committee access to Israel and the West Bank, and access to Gaza through Israel, significantly constrained the Committee’s ability to engage with key interlocutors.
78. That said, the Committee finds that Israel has dedicated significant resources to investigate over 400 allegations of operational misconduct in Gaza reported by the FFM and others. Given the scale of this undertaking, it is unsurprising that in 2011, much remains to be accomplished. The Committee is able to report that, to the best of its knowledge, nineteen investigations into the serious violations of international humanitarian law and international human rights law reported by the FFM have been completed by the Israeli authorities with findings that no violations were committed. Two inquiries were discontinued for different reasons. Three investigations led to disciplinary action. Six investigations reportedly remain open, including one in which criminal charges have been brought against an Israeli soldier. The status of possible investigations into six additional incidents remains unclear.
78. (sic) Furthermore, Israel has launched fourteen investigations into incidents related to alleged violations in the West Bank. Of those, two criminal indictments have been filed, six investigations are ongoing and six cases were closed without charges. The Committee did not receive any information concerning any other investigation of alleged violations committed in the West Bank, nor to investigations related to persons detained in Israel.
C. The Palestinian side
1. The Palestinian Authority
84. In September the Committee reported that the investigation carried out by the PIIC conformed to international standards and could be considered credible and genuine. More recently the PIIC has sought to complete its mandate by investigating rocket and mortar attacks against Israel and other human rights violations in the Gaza Strip. The Committee was informed that the PIIC had been unable to do so, as it had not received positive responses to requests for access from either Israel or the de facto authorities in Gaza. ...
2. The de facto Gaza authorities
88. In September 2010, the Committee stated it had been unable to substantiate reports that the de facto Gaza authorities had released all political prisoners or conducted criminal prosecutions, in response to the FFM report. The Committee also reported that two committees of inquiry had been established. However, one committee focused on allegations directed at Israel rather than on allegations directed at the de facto authorities. The other reported on measures to redress alleged violations but the information presented was not substantiated. ...
90. Nevertheless, the Committee remains extremely concerned by the fact that the de facto authorities have not conducted any investigations into the launching of rocket and mortar attacks against Israel. It considers that the de facto authorities should make serious efforts to conduct criminal inquiries into all the allegations of grave violations of international law implicated by these attacks.